Atharva Veda

The Atharva Veda (or Atharvaveda) the fourth Vedic collection and the second oldest Indian text, is distinguished from the trayī vidyā (threefold wisdom) contained in the Rig Veda, Yajur Veda, and Sama Veda primarily in terms of content.

It is a collection of 730 hymns with about 6,000 mantras, divided into 20 books.

It contains spells for healing various illnesses, spells for removal of demons, love spells, and speculative hymns about particular forces of the cosmos, such as ucchiṣṭa (sacrificial remnant), odana(porridge), brahmacārin (the Vedic student), and the śataudana cow (the cow with one hundred odanas), as well as material relevant to gṛhya (domestic) rituals, such as marriage, initiation, and death. Although not primarily concerned with śrauta rituals, it contains material connected to royal ceremonies, including the rohita hymns, which identify the king with the victorious sun, and hymns found exclusively in the Paippalāda Saṃhitā (PS) about a royal consecration ceremony with a sava (unction) ceremony.

Atharva-Veda tells about the musculoskeletal system of our body. (It deals with the medicines for various diseases)

Shiva felt that the 3 Vedas cover Music, yagna rituals, and mantras to connect to God. But before that, a human being needs good health to stay fit and to accomplish anything in his life. So, knowing about the physical structure of the body and maintaining it from the risk of diseases is the prior importance.

So, God Shiva gave the authenticity to the Veda and named it after the sage, as Atharva Veda.

Cultural Importance :

The Atharvaveda Samhitā gives us an interesting picture of the society of its times. The land in which the people lived extended from Gandhara(Afghanistan) to Magadha and Anga (Bihar and Bengal). The varṇa system had been well established. People lived in harmony. Kings were powerful. Trade and commerce were prosperous though agriculture. Farming was the chief source of living at that time. There are references indicating brahmaṇas were sometimes powerful in their own right due to which they had to face the wrath of the kṣattriya kings. The cow was highly venerated and godana(gift of cows) was considered highly meritorious. There are references to the Rajasuya sacrifice and wars among kings. The institute of marriage was very similar to that of the Rigvedic times having obsequious rites

 

This is the Ralph T.H. Griffith translation of the Atharvaveda. The Atharvaveda is a Vedic-era collection of spells, prayers, charms, and hymns. There are prayers to protect crops from lightning and drought, charms against venomous serpents, love spells, healing spells, hundreds of verses, some derived from the Rig veda, all very ancient.

  1. Book 1
  2. Book 2
  3. Book 3
  4. Book 4
  5. Book 5
  6. Book 6
  7. Book 7
  8. Book 8
  9. Book 9
  10. Book 10
  11. Book 11
  12. Book 12
  13. Book 13
  14. Book 14
  15. Book 15
  16. Book 16
  17. Book 17
  18. Book 18
  19. Book 19
  20. Book 20

The three well-known Upaniṣads belong to this Veda:

  1. The Praśna
  2. The Mundaka
  3. The Māndukya