The Rig Veda, Book 10

Ralph T.H. Griffith, Translator

The tenth book (mandala) of the Rigveda has 191 hymns. The rishis of the 10th book are divided into Shudrasuktas and Mahasuktas, that is, sages who have composed “small” vs. “great” hymns.

The subjects of the hymns cover a wider spectrum than in the other books, dedicated not only to deities or natural phenomena, including deities that are not prominent enough to receive their own hymns in the other books (Nirrti 10.59, Asamati 10.60, Ratri 10.127, Aranyani 10.146, Indrani 10.159), but also to objects like dice (10.34), herbs (10.97), press-stones (for Soma, 10.94, 175) and abstract concepts like liberality (towards the rishi, 10.117), creation (10.129 (the Nasadiya Sukta), 130, 190), knowledge (10.71), speech, spirit (10.58), faith (10.151), a charm against evil dreams (10.164).

 

See Also

This is the Ralph T.H. Griffith English translation of the Rig Veda. He translated them in Banaras.