The Rig Veda

Rig Veda is the first written religious text in the world.

The Rig Veda is a collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns counted among the four Hindu religious texts known as the Vedas. The Rig Veda is one of the world’s oldest religious texts.

Rigveda was not written, it was originally composed orally and transmitted in an unchangeable precise oral tradition.  The Rigveda is composed by several sages, 329 males and 27 females (Rishikas), who are said to “see” the revealed words in their mind. Veda Vyāsa (which just means the “compiler of the Veda” ) was supposed to have been a sage who collected them and compiled the Veda as we know it today. There were thousands of other sūktas that were lost because the sole means of transmission was oral from memory.

The Mandalas (books) from 2 to 7 are attributed to a particular sage clan, and eighth Mandala is later than them, which was composed when Rig vedic Aryans migrated west. Mandala 9 is a compilation of the Soma hymns, which is of the contemporary period of Mandala 8, signifying the emerging Soma cult, Mandalas 1 and 10 are compilations of poems of poets and seers out of the earlier mentioned families who composed 2 – 7 Mandalas.

Rigveda was propagated through Pila. Pila Maharshi divided Rigveda into two Ruksamhithas and taught them to Indrapramithi and Bhashkala. Bhashkala divided again his part as four divisions and gave it to Baudhya, Agnimadhara, Yaagnavalkya and Parashara. They propagated these Samhithas through number of disciples.

PDF of Rig-Veda in Sanskrit

This is the Ralph T.H. Griffith English translation of the Rig Veda. He translated them in Banaras.

 

Research & Translation

At first, Vaidik research was started by Friedrich Rosen, in 1838. Vedic base was put by Eugene Burnouf, a French scientist. F.Maxmuller was his disciple. Maxmuller established first the Sayana bhashyam of Rugveda, in between 1849–1875. T. H. Aufrith established this Rigveda completely in 1861__1863. Alfred Ludwig translated it in Germany and wrote an excellent commentary to it. Excellent English translation was done by R. T. H. Griffith in 1889__1892, in Banaras.

History

complete text from Arsha Vignana Sarvasvam — T. T. D.

Rigveda came from Vedavyasa to one of his four disciples, Jaimini,Pila, Vaisampayana and Sumantha. Vedas were not written by persons. It was simply divided. They were seen by Great Maharshis in the space with their dedicated Thapas. It is a Sabdaraasi. Rigveda was propagated through Pila. Pila Maharshi divided Rigveda into two Ruksamhithas and taught them to Indrapramithi and Bhashkala. Bhashkala divided again his part as four divisions and gave it to Baudhya, Agnimadhara, Yaagnavalkya and Parashara. They propagated these Samhithas through number of disciples.

From Indrapramithi, the Ruksamhitha part had been taught to his son Maandukya and disciple Vedamithra. From Mandukya to his son Satyasrava, through Satyasrava to his son Satyahitha, through him to his son, Satyasri, the Ruksamhitha was taught respectively. Satyasri’s disciples, Saakalya, Radhanthara, Bhashkali learned through Satyasri. Radhanthara Sakapurni taught his part to Krauncha, Vaithalika and Balaaka by making them three parts again. Sakalya became Nirukthakara. Bhashkali gave his part to Kalayani, Gargya, Kathhaajava. All of them became Ruksamhitha Pravarthakas.

Pila Maharshi’s another disciple, Vedamithra also had the name, Sakalya. He divided his part of Ruksamhitha into five and taught to Mudgala—Gomukha—Vaathsya—Shaleeya—Sisirarsha. ——[[ Vishnu Purana.]]

Pila Maharshi’s father was also Pila and mother was Peela. He attended to the Rajasuya yaga of Dharmaraja. He was made as Hotha to that yaga by Vyasa.

The capital of old Anga desam is now Munger in Bihar. Ashram of Mudgala was told to be there on the shores of Ganga. So Mudgala Sakhaparampara might be there. In the same manner, Galava, his name was baabhravya, propagated this Samhita in Panchala Desam. This place is called as Bareli now. Jaathukarnya was contemporary with him.

At first, Vaidik research was started by Friedrich Rosen, in 1838. Vedic base was put by Eugene Burnouf, a French scientist. F.Maxmuller was his disciple. Maxmuller established first the Sayana bhashyam of Rugveda, in between 1849–1875. T. H. Aufrith established this Rigveda completely in 1861__1863. Alfred Ludwig translated it in Germany and wrote an excellent commentary to it. Excellent English translation was done by R. T. H. Griffith in 1889__1892, in Banaras.