2Thiruvaikunda Vinnagaram Vaikunta Nathan Perumal Temple, Thirunangur, Nagapattinam
|Deity:||Thiruvaikunda Vinnagaram, Vaikunta Nathan Perumal|
|Architectural style:||Dravidian architecture|
|Address:||Sri Vaikundanathar Temple,Vaikunda Vinnagaram, Thirunangur – 609 106
|Phone||+91- 4364 – 275 478|
Thiruvaikunda Vinnagaram or Vaikunta Nathan Perumal Temple is dedicated to Hindu god Vishnu located in Thirunangur, a village in the outskirts of Sirkazhi in the South Indian state of Tamilnadu. Constructed in the Dravidian style of architecture, the temple is glorified in the Divya Prabandha, the early medieval Tamil canon of the Azhwar saints from the 6th–9th centuries AD. It is one of the 108 Divyadesam dedicated to Vishnu, who is worshipped as Vaikuntanathan and his consort Lakshmi as Vaikundavalli.
It is one among the eleven divyadesams of Thirunangur Tirupathis and is closely associated with Thirumangai Alvar. The temple is open from 8 a.m. to 10 a.m. and 5 p.m. to 7 p.m and has four daily rituals at various times of the day. The Thirumangai Azhwar Mangalasasana Utsavam celebrated annually during the Tamil month of Thai is the major festival of the temple during which the festival images of the eleven Thirunangur Tirupathis are brought on mount designed like Garuda, called Garuda Vahana, to Thirunangur.
This is a place where we could have the direct darshan of Lord in our life time on Earth itself before reaching him after life. This is his Paramapada itself. The sanctum here is believed to be on par with celestial Vaikuntam. The temple tank is located north of the temple.
Temple Opening Time
The temple is open from 8 a.m. to 10 a.m. and 5 p.m. to 7 p.m and has four daily rituals at various times of the day.
Devotees pray to Perumal for unity in family. Realizing their wishes, devotees perform Thirumanjanam to Lord and offer Tulsi garlands and Vastras. It is believed that married couples who perform special pooja on star Magam continuously for 6 months are blessed with children.
- Ushathkalam Pooja – 8 a.m.
- Kalasanthi Pooja – 10:00 a.m.
- Sayarakshai Pooja – 5:00 p.m.
- Ardha Jamam Pooja – 7:00 p.m.
The temple is open from 8 a.m. to 10 a.m. and 5 p.m. to 7 p.m. The temple priests perform the pooja (rituals) during festivals and on a daily basis. As at other Vishnu temples of Tamilnadu, the priests belong to the Vaishnavaite community, a Brahmin sub-caste. The temple rituals are performed four times a day: Ushathkalam at 8 a.m., Kalasanthi at 10:00 a.m., Sayarakshai at 5:00 p.m. and Ardha Jamam at 7:00 p.m. Each ritual has three steps: Alangaram (decoration), neivethanam (food offering) and deepa aradanai (waving of lamps) for both Vaikuntanathan and his consort Vaikundavalli.
During the worship, religious instructions in the Vedas (sacred text) are recited by priests, and worshippers prostrate themselves in front of the temple mast. There are weekly, monthly and fortnightly rituals performed in the temple. During the new moon day of the Tamil month Thai, the festival deity of Thirumangai Azhwar is brought to the temple from Thiruvali-Thirunagari. Thirumangai Azhwar Mangalasasana Utsavam is celebrated in the Tamil month of Thai (January–February).
The highlight of the festival is Garudasevai, an event in which the festival images of the eleven Thirunangur Tirupathis are brought on mount designed like Garuda, called Garuda Vahana, to Thirunangur. The festive image of Thirumangai Azhwar is also brought on a Hamsa Vahanam (palanquin) and his paasurams (verses) dedicated to each of these eleven temples are recited during the occasion.
The festival images of Thirumangai Alvar and his consort Kumudhavalli Naachiyar are taken in a palanquin to each of the eleven temples. The verses dedicated to each of the eleven temples are chanted in the respective shrines. This is one of the most important festivals in the region which draws thousands of visitors. Vaikunda Ekadasi in December-January and Vaikasi Brahmotsavam in May or June are devotionally celebrated in the temple.
Legend / Local stories
Vishnu appearing in eleven forms on Shiva request:
The legends of all the eleven temples of Thirunangur are closely associated with each other. As per legend, the Hindu god Shiva started dancing in fury at this place after the death of his consort Uma due to the yagna (sacrifice) of Daksha. Each time his lock of hair touched the ground; there were eleven other forms of Shiva who appeared. The celestial deities were worried that if the dance continues, it would result in decimation of entire creations. They prayed to Vishnu for help, who appeared at this place.
On seeing Vishnu, Shiva’s anger was reduced and he requested Vishnu to appear in eleven forms like he did. On his request, Vishnu appeared in eleven different forms at Thirunangur. Arimeya Vinnagaram literally translates to the place where Hari (another name of Vishnu) resides.
The eleven places where Vishnu appeared are believed to be where the eleven temples in Thirunangur are located. They are;
|Thirukavalampadi||Gopalakrishnan along with Rukmini and Satyabama.|
|Thiruvannpurushothamam||Purushothaman along with Purushothama Naayaki.|
|Thiru Sempon Sei Kovil||Perarulalan along with Allimaamalar Naachiyar.|
|Thiru Devanar Thogai||Deiva Naayagan along with Kadal Magal Naachiyar.|
|Thiru Mani Koodam||Varadharaja Perumal along with Thirumagal Naachiyar and Bhoomi Piratti.|
|Thiru Paarthanpalli||Thamarai Kelvan along with Thamarai Naayaki, in standing posture in all the above Kshetrams.|
|Thirumanimaada Kovil||Narayana Gyana Nandha Vilaku along with Pundarigavalli.|
|Thiruvaali Thirunagari||Amrudhavalli Vedharajan, Narashimar along with Amrudha Kada valli.|
|Thiru Vaigunda Vinnagaram||Vaigunda Nadhan along with Periya Piratti.|
|Arimeya Vinnagaram||Kudamaadu Koothan along with Amrudha Kada valli, in sitting posture in above 4 Kshetrams.|
|Thirutheythri Ambalam||Shenkann Maal along with Sengamalavalli, in sleeping posture of the type Bhujanga Sayanam.|
People who worshipped Vishnu here:
Udhanga Maharishi and King Uparisaravasu got the Dharsan of the Lord as he is in Vaigunda Loga. The pious Viraja River which is considered to run across the border of Vaikunda Loga is the theertham here.
Swetakethu had Darshan of Vishnu here:
King Swetakethu belonged to Ikshvaku dynasty which Lord Sri Rama chose for his incarnation. He loved every one and was a living example of honesty and integrity. He and his wife had a passion to visit Vaikunda to have the darshan of Lord Vishnu. As a king, he completed all his political duties and set ready for penance with his queen Damayanthi. They prepared fire around them, stood looking at the Sun and began a severe penance. Days passed. They shed their mortal coil and reached Vaikundam but could not find their Vaikunda Vasan. They stood sad. Maharshi came there.
Swetakethu and Damayanthi fell at his feet and enquired him why they could not get the darshan of Lord. Narada replied that though they performed severe penance but failed to perform even small Homas and charities. That failure was the cause of this failure. The remedy was that they had to worship Lord Iravadeswarar on the banks of Cauvery on Earth and appeal to him, who would help them to have Vaikunda darshan. Both prayed to Lord Iravadeswarar and begged his help for Perumal darshan.
Lord Iravadeswarar appeared before them and said that he too was waiting for Perumal darshan and suggested that they could join him in penance. Meantime, Sage Udhanga Maharshi also joined the in the penance. Thus four performed penance together. When Vishnu appeared before them with Sridevi and Bhoodevi, Lord Iravadeswarar prayed that the place where the darshan was granted should be honoured as Vaikunda Vinnagaram and that he should be worshipped as Vaikunda Nathar. Thus, Perumal came here as Lord Vaikunda Vasan to this place with Mother praised as Vaikundavalli.
How to Reach:
This temple is in the village of Thiru Nangur and called as Thiruvaikunda Vinnagaram or Vaikunta Nathan Perumal temple. It’s about 5 miles (8 kms) away from Sirkazhi. It is one among the eleven divyadesams of Thirunangur Tirupathis.
The temple is on the Sirkali-Nagapattinam route. The devotee has to get down at Annan Koil stop. The temple is 1 km from this bus stop. Auto facility is available. There are buses from Mayavaram/ Sirkazhi that goes past Thiru Nangur. Direct special buses are available only on special occasions. If you are going in car it is 20 kms from Mayavaram and 8 kms from Sirkazhi.
The road leading to this village is narrow and you might miss the turning from the main road if you are not watchful. Extensive network of roads connect it to Chennai, Madurai, Tiruchirappalli, Pondicherry, Thanjavur and all other major cities. Nagapattinam is located at a distance of about 330kms from Chennai by Road.
Nagapattinam railway junction connects Thiruvarur in the west, Nagore in the north, Velankanni in the south and Karaikal in the east. There is a daily express train to Chennai via Mayiladuthurai and Ernakulam via Coimbatore and it connects all major cities. Nearest Railway Station is located at Sirkazhi.
The nearest Airport is Tiruchirapalli Airport, located 145 km (90 miles) away from the town.
Sri Vaikundanathar Temple,
Vaikunda Vinnagaram, Thirunangur – 609 106
Phone: +91- 4364 – 275 478