Gurudwara Baba Atal Sahib was built between the years 1778-1784 and is situated to the south of the Golden Temple, about 185 metres from Sarai Guru Ram Das. The nine-storey octagon tower stands 40 metres high, and is the tallest building in Amritsar. Originally a samadhi which is enshrining the remains of Atal Rai (1628), a son of Guru Hargobind, it was transformed into a gurudwara later on.
According to legend, Atal Rai, at the age of nine, restored his close friend Mohan to life after his sudden demise. Guru Hargobind had rebuked him on displaying one`s spiritual power. Atal Rai chose to take a samadhi for breaking the law. Although he died at the age of nine, he was honoured with the title of Baba. The nine-storeys represents the nine years of his life.