अथ चैनं नित्यजातं नित्यं वा मन्यसे मृतम्‌ ।तथापि त्वं महाबाहो नैवं शोचितुमर्हसि ॥

अथ चैनं नित्यजातं नित्यं वा मन्यसे मृतम् |

तथापि त्वं महाबाहो नैवं शोचितुमर्हसि || 26||

atha chainaṁ nitya-jātaṁ nityaṁ vā manyase mṛitam
tathāpi tvaṁ mahā-bāho naivaṁ śhochitum arhasi



किन्तु यदि तू इस आत्मा को सदा जन्मने वाला तथा सदा मरने वाला मानता हो, तो भी हे महाबाहो! तू इस प्रकार शोक करने योग्य नहीं है॥26॥


If, however, you think that the self is subject to constant birth and death, O mighty-armed Arjun, even then you should not grieve like this.


English Translation Of Sri Shankaracharya’s Sanskrit Commentary By Swami Gambirananda

2.26 This (verse), ‘On the other hand,’ etc., is uttered assuming that the Self is transient. Atha ca, on the other hand, if ( conveys the sense of assumption ); following ordinary experience, manyase, you think; enam, this One, the Self under discussion; is nityajatam, born continually, becomes born with the birth of each of the numerous bodies; va, or; nityam, constantly; mrtam, dies, along with the death of each of these (bodies); tatha api, even then, even if the Self be of that nature; tvam, you; maha-baho, O mighty-armed one; na arhasi, ought not; socitum, to grieve; evam, thus, since that which is subject to birth will die, and that which is subject to death will be born; these two are inevitable.