This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki”

Fifty second Chapter

Avoiding of death of an emissary

(Vibishana with soft words of logic and justice advises Ravana that Hanuman should not be killed but can be punished in other ways)

Vibishana thought it is wrong to sentence an emissary who has brought the message of someone else to death by the bad soul Ravana. 1

(During ancient times, it was thought that an emissary who is only delivering the message of some one else should not be punished. This theme occurs in several Puranas.)

He who always takes action when it should be done, seeing that his brother was very angry and bent upon on carrying out his words, thought as to what he should do.

Then he who was capable of serious thought, he who had an expert in his language and he who had decided as to what he should do, addressed his elder brother by good humble words and told him that which was good for him. 3

 He king of Rakshasas, leave out this anger, become pleased and hear my words. Great kings who know the tradition do not sentence an emissary to death 4

 Hey valorous one, death sentence to this monkey is against law, against hoary traditions of the world and not proper. 5

 You, yourself are an expert in the knowledge of justice, who observes tradition, an expert on kingly justice, an expert on tradition, and one who knows the secrets of this world.  6

Suppose even wise people like you are caught in the grips of anger, then getting knowledge of science of life is an useless effort. 7

Hey chief of Rakshasas who cannot be opposed by any one and who can kill his enemies, therefore leave out this anger and calm down, Let the emissary be punished after deciding as to what is proper and what is improper. 8-9

 Ravana, the king of Rakshasas hearing the words of Vibhishana became very angry and told him the following reply. 10

 Hey, killer of his enemies, there is no injustice in giving sentence of death to sinners. I am going to get this monkey who took sinful actions killed.  11

 That Vibhishana who was the foremost of intelligent ones, hearing these words which were the root of injustice, which had many flaws and which was suitable to unjust people, again told words which were the essence of just action. 12

 Hey king of Lanka, please calm down and be pleased to hear wise words of justice, Hey king, learned and just people think that emissaries do not merit punishment of death no where and at no time. 13

 There is no doubt this is a very great enemy. This has done several unpleasant things. It is seen that emissaries are given several type of punishments but nowhere it is told that emissaries can be put to death.  14

 It is told that emissary can be punished by disfiguring him or giving lashes by a whip or by shaving off his head or by marking his organs in an untraceable manner. But it is never heard that emissary has been put to death. 15

 How can you, who is very wise and just, who is an expert on good and bad of traditional wisdom, come under the control of anger. People who do not swerve from Dharma(just action) do avoid anger. 16

 Hey valorous one, there is none equal to you in the knowledge of Dharma(just action) nor in worldly duties and nor in deep knowledge of the science of life. You are the greatest among all devas and asuras.  17

 Not only that, I do not find any merit in killing this monkey for this punishment should be given to them who sent this monkey.  18

 This may be a just one or unjust but is an emissary who is in the control of others who has been sent by them and is telling what is told by them. And so it does not merit punishment by death. 19

 Hey king who conquers the forts of other cities, if this is killed who can come again to this place which is far-far away from the ocean. I do not see any one else who is capable of traveling in the sky and so please do not try to kill him. It is necessary for you to show this type of wisdom to your enemies including Indra. 20-21

 Hey, King who likes war, suppose this dies, I do not find any other emissary who can send those two sons of a king of men, who are both bad people and who are far away. 22

If this chieftain of monkeys is killed, good people will tell lot of bad things about us. I do not see them saying good words and words of fame about us All the world will only find fault with us. 23

 Not only that, hey king who travels in darkness, we should try fast to take action for the destruction and death of those people, who are bad natured, who are very proud of themselves, who are not intelligent and who have sent this monkey. 24

 Hey enemy of Devendra, immediately take efforts to enforce justice among Devas who include Indra and Daithyas which include Dhanavas. 25

 Hey, king of Rakshasas, approve by your mind my words, take firm action with utmost care, get killed those two princes and make victory thine. 26

 Hey king who creates happiness in the mind of Rakshasas, it is not proper for you, who has qualities like valour, courage and enthusiasm and who cannot be won over by even devas and Rakshasas, to stop the forthcoming war. 27

 Under you control you have crores of heroes who do good to you, who are great warriors, who desire only your good, who have won in several good events, who are enthusiastic, who are the greatest among those who carry weapons and who are good servants. 28

 So let few people along with a part of your army start now itself to fulfill your orders, to kill these two princes and to prove your power against your enemies. 29

 That very strong king of Rakshasas, who was the chief among Rakshasa kings and who was the enemy of the world of devas, hearing the good words of his younger brother Vibhishana understood them and decided that they should be agreed upon. 30

 That king of Rakshasas thought in various ways like, There is no doubt that this definitely is the power of Vishnu which has taken the shape of a monkey to destroy me. This warrior monkey is the essence of the power of Vishnu who is deva among devas which is the very greatest, and very intolerable power, which is the root of everything. Or is this the Para Brahma (the ultimate essence of god) and again became very angry. 31-32

 But the king of Rakshasas who is a great soul, controlling the anger in his mind which was raging like fire, recognizing Vibhishana who was the greatest among those who carry weapons and respecting the words of Vibhishana told as follows. 33

 Thus ends the fifty-second chapter of Sundara Kanda which is in the Ramayana which is the first epic written by Valmiki.

Chapter 53: Setting fire to the tail of Hanuman

Seeing of good omens (Chapter 29)

This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki” Twenty-ninth (29th) Chapter  Seeing of good omens  (Good omens occurred to Sita who was consoled by those omens and gained more confidence) Good omens approached her who is faultless; who does forever good, who was mentally perturbed and who because of lack of happiness was terribly…

Keep reading

Crashing of hopes of Hanuman (Chapter 13)

This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki” Thirteenth (13th) Chapter Crashing of hopes of Hanuman (The worries of the very disappointed Hanuman are described graphically. At the end he sees a glimmer of hope when he sees the Asoka forest) After jumping from the Vimana on to the wall he was restless like…

Keep reading
Hanuman Sita Milan

Searching inside the Asoka forest (Chapter 14)

Fourteenth Chapter Searching inside the Asoka forest (Graphic description of the Asoka forest as seen by Hanuman is given. Seeing the forest Hanuman decides that Sita should definitely visit there because she likes the forest and also needs to do her morning ablations) The very powerful Hanuman after thinking for some more time and after…

Keep reading
Ravana Sita Painting

The arrival of Ravana (18th Chapter)

This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki” Eighteenth (18th) Chapter Arrival of Ravana (Here the description of the passionate Ravana who woke up and came to Asoka forest along with his wives to see Sita , is given. Ravana is described as valorous but spoiled by his passion and his women are…

Keep reading
Sundara Kandam: An introduction

Sundara Kandam-An introduction

AN INTRODUCTION TO SUNDER KAND. Sundara Kandam: An introduction INTRODUCTION TO SUNDARA KANDA P.R.Ramachander Sundara Kandam is the fifth section of Ramayana (the story of Lord Rama) written by Sage Valmiki and comprises 2885 verses spread in 68 chapters. Sundara, as we all know in the literary sense means ‘beautiful’ and ‘Kandam’, means ‘section’. The…

Keep reading

Further news about the consolation of Sita (Chapter 68)

This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki” Sixty-eighth Chapter Further news about consolation of Sita (Hanuman further relates about the doubts in Sita’s mind and how he gave a pep talk and encouraged her.) Hey lion among men, I who was in a haste to return , because of the love and nearness…

Keep reading

Seeking clarifications of the message of Sita (Chapter 66)

This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki” Sixty-sixth Chapter Seeking clarifications of the message of Sita ( Rama is upset to know about Sita and asks Hanuman to tell in detail what has been told by her. The pearl brooch brings to him memories of her, his father and father in law.) Rama…

Keep reading

Informing the message of Sita (Chapter 67)

This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki” Sixty-seventh Chapter Informing the message of Sita. (Hanuman again details the pitiable state of affairs of Sita. He also indicates the several doubts arising in her mind due to her not seeing any action from the part of Rama and Lakshmana.) Having been told by Rama…

Keep reading
Hurting of the security staff of the forest (Chapter 62)

Hurting of the security staff of the forest (Chapter 62)

This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki” Sixty second Chapter Hurting of the security staff of the forest (The guard of the garden, Dadhimuka who was the uncle of Sugreeva tried his best to stop the destruction of the honey forest. Angadha became very angry and hit him. Then Dadhimukha reached the presence…

Keep reading

Return of Hanuman and other monkeys (Chapter 64)

This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki” Sixty- fourth Chapter Return of Hanuman and other monkeys (Hanuman and other monkeys return back to Kishkinda and inform the good news of having found Sita and her being virtuous.) Thus told by Sugreeva, at that time the well pleased Dadhimuka saluted Raghava, Lakshmana and Sugreeva.…

Keep reading

Informing about the destruction of the honey forest (Chapter 63)

This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki” Sixty -third Chapter Informing about destruction of the honey forest (Dadhimuka along with his other security staff is not able to succeed and are ill treated by Angadha and other monkeys. So he reaches Sugreeva’s presence and complaints to him about the behavior of the monkeys.…

Keep reading

Words of Angadha (Chapter 60)

This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki” Sixtieth Chapter Words of Angadha (Angadha who is the crown prince and leader of the team tells his opinion as to what needs to be done. He feels that they should wage a war, destroy the Rakshasas  and take Sita along with them. The wise Jambhavan…

Keep reading

Destruction of Honey forest (Chapter 61)

This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki” Sixty -first Chapter Destruction of Honey forest (The monkeys start their return journey and reached the honey forest of Sugreeva. Being given permission to drink the honey, they destroy the forest , insult and hurt Dadhimuka who was the uncle of Sugreeva and in charge of…

Keep reading

Telling the happenings of Lanka

This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki” Fifty-eighth Chapte Telling the happenings of Lanka (In this chapter Hanuman informs his monkey friends all that happened after he took off and till he returned. This chapter is the summary of all the previous 57 chapters of Sundara Kanda.) anuman and other very strong…

Keep reading

Thinking about future action (Chapter 59)

This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki” Fifty-ninth Chapter Thinking about the future action (Hanuman then narrates the problems of Sita in Lanka in a graphical manner. He tells the other monkeys that as a virtuous woman she herself could kill Ravana but is not doing so, because it would bring bad fame…

Keep reading

The crossing of the sea from Lanka (Chapter 56)

This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki” Fifty- sixth Chapter Crossing of sea from Lanka (Hanuman took leave of Janaki and climbed to the top of Lamba Mountain, preparing himself to cross the ocean. He assumed his very big form and rose from the mountain to the north) Hanuman saluted Janaki who was…

Keep reading

Fear of the monkey (Chapter 55)

This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki” Fifty- fifth Chapter Fear of the monkey (After seeing the entire city burning, suddenly Hanuman feels that Sita also might have been destroyed. He curses himself for causing such an eventuality because of his anger .Rethinking about the several immortal happenings and overhearing Charanas who told…

Keep reading

Reaching the northern shore of the sea (Chapter 57)

This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki” Fifty- seventh Chapter Reaching the northern shore of the sea, (Hanuman crossed the ocean and was received by the monkeys with happiness. He informed them that he has seen Sita. He also told them about the pitiable but virtuous condition she was in.) Hanuman like a…

Keep reading
Burning of the city of Lanka (Chapter 54)

Sunderkand: Burning of the city of Lanka (Chapter 54)

This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki” Fifty- fourth Chapter of Sunderkand Burning of the city of Lanka (Hanuman decided to inflict more misery to the city of Lanka by setting fire to it. He systematically set fire to all the houses, places and forests. He was praised by all Gods for such…

Keep reading

Browse Temples in India

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published.