This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki”

Second Chapter

Entering into the city of Sri Lanka at night

(In this chapter the musings of Hanuman on seeing the city of Sri Lanka, his first impressions about it and his thinking on the strategy he has to adopt is described)

 It is wonderful that the great one crossed the great ocean, which was impossible to cross, and  stared at Sri Lanka situated on the top of Trikoota Mountains.

 By the rain of flowers shed by the different trees here and there, Hanuman who was decked by flowers all over after completing the task he has undertaken looked as if he was a victorious hero. 2

The truly heroic Hanuman though he had crossed one hundred yojanas did not know what is tiresomeness. Not only that he was not even breathing with effort. 3

 I can jump and cross several more hundred yojanas and so reaching the other shore of a sea which is only one  hundred yojanas is not a great job!” He thought.

The great one among heroes and the fastest among those who can jump, crossed the sea and neared the city of Sri Lanka. 5

 He walked in to  the center of gardens  which had light bluish lawns, strewn with stones here and there and with dense population of trees 6

 That very resplendent monkey chief Hanuman, went by the side of mountains full of trees  and forests in full bloom. 7

 That son of wind God , stood on a mountain with several peaks and saw the city of Sri Lanka laden with the gardens and minor forests. 8

 He , the monkey chief , saw pine trees, Karnikara[10] trees , date palms, Priyala trees, lemon trees, wild jasmine trees, panadanus bushes(Thazham poo) , incense filled long pepper trees, kadamba trees , seven leafed banana trees, fully flowered asana trees, Kovidara trees, karavira trees, and also many trees bent with heavy load of flowers which were full of  birds and whose tips were being shaken by the breeze that was blowing all around, ponds full of swans and ducks , lotus and lily flowers and many, many tree filled gardens which flowered and fruited all round the year, many swimming pools specially constructed for play and also several pretty flower gardens. 9-12

The great Hanuman then saw the beautiful city of Sri Lanka  which resembled the city of Amaravathi of the devas and which was being ruled by Ravana . protected on all the four sides by Ravana himself, fearsome archers, and ever roaming Rakshasas because Sita was abducted and kept in the city, and which was also protected well by moats full of lotus and lily flowers and gold like tall walls all around. It also had mansions which resembled the planets the autumn sky, dazzling white elevated long wide avenues, strange golden tower gates decorated by climbers and other decorative items, many spires used to keep watch on the enemies from out side, flags  and other banners. 13-18.

That monkey chief thought the city, which was built on the mountain as a city with white and regal houses , which were floating in the sky. 19

 He saw the city built by Viswa Karma(the architect of Devas) and ruled by Ravana was flying in the sky. 20

 He approached the northern gate of Sri Lanka whose fort aments appeared as if they were the waist, whose moats appeared as if they were dresses, whose guns and spears appeared as if they were the hairs and whose spires appear as if they were the ear studs and which was constructed by Viswa Karma after deep thought, which appeared as tall as the Kailasa mountain(abode of Lord Siva) and which appeared as if it was touching the sky, and whose buildings are constructed one over another so that it appeared as if the whole city was flying, which was thickly populated by terrible Rakshasas like the city of Bhogavathi which was populated by Nagas, which is strongly built, which does not have dirt, which was once occupied by Lord Kubera, which is protected by several valorous Rakshasas who were armed with spears and long swords similar to a cave being protected by serpents and which can never be evaluated as to what it is and started thinking. 21-25

Observing the fierce security , the sea and the terrible enemy Ravana, the monkey started thinking. 26

Even if the monkey army reaches here it would not be of any use, for even devas cannot wage a war and win over Lanka.  28

Even if Rama reaches  the very peculiar city of Sri Lanka which is really impossible to enter and is ruled by  Ravana, what possibly can the great warrior do 29

In case of Rakshasas, there is no point in talking to them in a friendly manner or with sweet words nor can they be corrupted by money and nor is it possible to make them fight against each other and the only option of war cannot even be thought of as a possibility. 30

This is because only  Angadha the son of Bali, Neela the monkey chief , the heroic king Sugreeva and myself  can enter this city. 31

Let me find out whether Sita the daughter of Janaka is alive or not and after seeing her I can thinking of   a strategy. 32

I can not enter this city of Rakshasas and which is protected by them in the present form 33

These Rakshasasa  are highly valorous, very strong and greatly heroic  and so can only be deceived by me who am searching Sita. 34

 I should search the city of Sri Lanka with an almost invisible form and that too in the night because for completing this great deed , it is the most appropriate time. 35

 Knowing that , even Devas and Asuras would find difficult to enter that city, Hanuman took several deep breaths and started thinking. 36

 What trick should I employ to search so that I would not be visible to Ravana the bad Rakshasas? 37

 The job which I have taken oath to complete should certainly be done and also I should be able to talk with the daughter of Janaka alone” thought 38

 When a job has to be done , sending a messenger who is unstable and who cannot do the proper thing at the proper time, is like having darkness at dawn. 39

 Even after  knowing well as to what has to be done and what should not be done, there is no possibility of completing the job if the messenger is over-confident and thinks that he only can complete the job. 40

How will the job be completed properly? How no problems will crop up preventing its completion? And what should be done so that crossing of the great ocean does not become a waste? 41

 Suppose I am seen by the Rakshasasa  then the wish of Lord Rama to Kill Ravana can definitely not be done.  42

Even if one takes the form of Rakshasa is it possible to hide from these Rakshasas and if it is in any other form this task would definitely not be done. 43

I know the fact that even the God of Wind cannot move here unhindered.. Is there anything that these powerful Rakshasas do not know? 44

If I remain here with my present form I will be destroyed and Lord’s mission will surely fail. 45

So I will go as a dwarf but in my present form and enter the city at night to complete the mission of Sri Rama. 46

 After entering the unapproachable city of Ravana, then I can search all houses and buildings for the daughter of Janaka. 47

 At that time thinking thus , anxious to see Sita (daughter of King Videha) He started waiting for the sunset. 48

 After sunset  and in the night Hanuman the Son of God of wind, assumed a very minute strange form as big as a cat.  49

 That valorous Hanuman jumped and entered with lot of speed the beautiful city with clearly demarcated  avenues 50

 That monkey saw that big city which resembled the city of Gandarwas which was full of palatial buildings built on pillars inlaid with silver and gold, having windows made of gold, having seven to eight stories and having floors decorated by gold and crystal. 51-52

 Diamonds and other precious stones decorated those grounds of the houses of Rakshasas and several garlands of pearls were used to decorate them. 53

 The strange wall hangings  made of gold , which was used to decorate all over, the city by the Rakshasas made the city glitter in eminence. 54

 Though the Great monkey became happy on seeing the city which had very big white buildings which had windows made of gold of the purest quality, which was surrounded by very powerful night patrol, which was being protected by the great valor of Ravana, which cannot be described by ones thought process and which is surprisingly beautiful.

he felt dejected because he was mainly interested in seeing Sita. 55-56

The moon also making up his mind to help Hanuman, rose up along with its thousands of rays, decorating  the roof of  the world with moonlight, in the middle of the stars and along with them. 57

(note: that before this the ocean, God of wind and Sun were trying to help Hanuman)

That monkey hero saw the moon who was having the luster of a conch, having the colour of milk and lotus stem and who was shining above as if he was a swan swimming in the lotus pond.  58

Thus ends the second chapter of Sundara Kanda which is in the Ramayana which is the first epic written by Valmiki.

Chapter 3: Winning over Lankini

Seeing of good omens (Chapter 29)

This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki” Twenty-ninth (29th) Chapter  Seeing of good omens  (Good omens occurred to Sita who was consoled by those omens and gained more confidence) Good omens approached her who is faultless; who does forever good, who was mentally perturbed and who because of lack of happiness was terribly…

Keep reading

Crashing of hopes of Hanuman (Chapter 13)

This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki” Thirteenth (13th) Chapter Crashing of hopes of Hanuman (The worries of the very disappointed Hanuman are described graphically. At the end he sees a glimmer of hope when he sees the Asoka forest) After jumping from the Vimana on to the wall he was restless like…

Keep reading
Hanuman Sita Milan

Searching inside the Asoka forest (Chapter 14)

Fourteenth Chapter Searching inside the Asoka forest (Graphic description of the Asoka forest as seen by Hanuman is given. Seeing the forest Hanuman decides that Sita should definitely visit there because she likes the forest and also needs to do her morning ablations) The very powerful Hanuman after thinking for some more time and after…

Keep reading
Ravana Sita Painting

The arrival of Ravana (18th Chapter)

This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki” Eighteenth (18th) Chapter Arrival of Ravana (Here the description of the passionate Ravana who woke up and came to Asoka forest along with his wives to see Sita , is given. Ravana is described as valorous but spoiled by his passion and his women are…

Keep reading
Sundara Kandam: An introduction

Sundara Kandam-An introduction

AN INTRODUCTION TO SUNDER KAND. Sundara Kandam: An introduction INTRODUCTION TO SUNDARA KANDA P.R.Ramachander Sundara Kandam is the fifth section of Ramayana (the story of Lord Rama) written by Sage Valmiki and comprises 2885 verses spread in 68 chapters. Sundara, as we all know in the literary sense means ‘beautiful’ and ‘Kandam’, means ‘section’. The…

Keep reading

Further news about the consolation of Sita (Chapter 68)

This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki” Sixty-eighth Chapter Further news about consolation of Sita (Hanuman further relates about the doubts in Sita’s mind and how he gave a pep talk and encouraged her.) Hey lion among men, I who was in a haste to return , because of the love and nearness…

Keep reading

Seeking clarifications of the message of Sita (Chapter 66)

This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki” Sixty-sixth Chapter Seeking clarifications of the message of Sita ( Rama is upset to know about Sita and asks Hanuman to tell in detail what has been told by her. The pearl brooch brings to him memories of her, his father and father in law.) Rama…

Keep reading

Informing the message of Sita (Chapter 67)

This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki” Sixty-seventh Chapter Informing the message of Sita. (Hanuman again details the pitiable state of affairs of Sita. He also indicates the several doubts arising in her mind due to her not seeing any action from the part of Rama and Lakshmana.) Having been told by Rama…

Keep reading
Hurting of the security staff of the forest (Chapter 62)

Hurting of the security staff of the forest (Chapter 62)

This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki” Sixty second Chapter Hurting of the security staff of the forest (The guard of the garden, Dadhimuka who was the uncle of Sugreeva tried his best to stop the destruction of the honey forest. Angadha became very angry and hit him. Then Dadhimukha reached the presence…

Keep reading

Return of Hanuman and other monkeys (Chapter 64)

This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki” Sixty- fourth Chapter Return of Hanuman and other monkeys (Hanuman and other monkeys return back to Kishkinda and inform the good news of having found Sita and her being virtuous.) Thus told by Sugreeva, at that time the well pleased Dadhimuka saluted Raghava, Lakshmana and Sugreeva.…

Keep reading

Informing about the destruction of the honey forest (Chapter 63)

This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki” Sixty -third Chapter Informing about destruction of the honey forest (Dadhimuka along with his other security staff is not able to succeed and are ill treated by Angadha and other monkeys. So he reaches Sugreeva’s presence and complaints to him about the behavior of the monkeys.…

Keep reading

Words of Angadha (Chapter 60)

This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki” Sixtieth Chapter Words of Angadha (Angadha who is the crown prince and leader of the team tells his opinion as to what needs to be done. He feels that they should wage a war, destroy the Rakshasas  and take Sita along with them. The wise Jambhavan…

Keep reading

Destruction of Honey forest (Chapter 61)

This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki” Sixty -first Chapter Destruction of Honey forest (The monkeys start their return journey and reached the honey forest of Sugreeva. Being given permission to drink the honey, they destroy the forest , insult and hurt Dadhimuka who was the uncle of Sugreeva and in charge of…

Keep reading

Telling the happenings of Lanka

This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki” Fifty-eighth Chapte Telling the happenings of Lanka (In this chapter Hanuman informs his monkey friends all that happened after he took off and till he returned. This chapter is the summary of all the previous 57 chapters of Sundara Kanda.) anuman and other very strong…

Keep reading

Thinking about future action (Chapter 59)

This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki” Fifty-ninth Chapter Thinking about the future action (Hanuman then narrates the problems of Sita in Lanka in a graphical manner. He tells the other monkeys that as a virtuous woman she herself could kill Ravana but is not doing so, because it would bring bad fame…

Keep reading

The crossing of the sea from Lanka (Chapter 56)

This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki” Fifty- sixth Chapter Crossing of sea from Lanka (Hanuman took leave of Janaki and climbed to the top of Lamba Mountain, preparing himself to cross the ocean. He assumed his very big form and rose from the mountain to the north) Hanuman saluted Janaki who was…

Keep reading

Fear of the monkey (Chapter 55)

This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki” Fifty- fifth Chapter Fear of the monkey (After seeing the entire city burning, suddenly Hanuman feels that Sita also might have been destroyed. He curses himself for causing such an eventuality because of his anger .Rethinking about the several immortal happenings and overhearing Charanas who told…

Keep reading

Reaching the northern shore of the sea (Chapter 57)

This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki” Fifty- seventh Chapter Reaching the northern shore of the sea, (Hanuman crossed the ocean and was received by the monkeys with happiness. He informed them that he has seen Sita. He also told them about the pitiable but virtuous condition she was in.) Hanuman like a…

Keep reading
Burning of the city of Lanka (Chapter 54)

Sunderkand: Burning of the city of Lanka (Chapter 54)

This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki” Fifty- fourth Chapter of Sunderkand Burning of the city of Lanka (Hanuman decided to inflict more misery to the city of Lanka by setting fire to it. He systematically set fire to all the houses, places and forests. He was praised by all Gods for such…

Keep reading

Browse Temples in India

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published.