This article is part of “Sundara Kandam of Sage Valmiki”

Sixteenth Chapter

Lamenting about Sita  

(Seeing Sita Hanuman is upset and thinks about her in various ways and pities her. He again decides that the lady whom he has found is Sita herself)

After thinking highly of Sita who is fit to be praised and Rama who has a beautiful character, that monkey chief again became thoughtful. 1

That glittering Hanuman meditated thus for some time about Sita, and with tearful eyes cried. alas!  2

If the great man’s wife Sita ,who is fit to be worshipped by Lakshmana who always  behaves with humility towards elders, is troubled by sorrow , then the dictates of time are impassable. 3

This great one who knows the inner mind of Rama and Lakshmana does not get much stormy like the river Ganges in rainy season. he thought  4

(This indicates that Sita is very hopeful of her being rescued by Rama and Lakshmana and has not broken to pieces)

Endowed with similar characters, age. and conduct and belonging to similar families and possessing similar characteristics, Sri Rama deserves Sita and this black eyed beauty deserves Sri Rama, he thought. 5

Having seen her who is with colour of molten gold, who is the prettiest in the world and who is like Lakshmi(Consort of Lord Vishnu) and having also  thought of Sri Rama., he told himself the following:-  6

For the sake of this broad eyed damsel, the very strong King Bali was killed, and also Kabanda who was equal to Ravana was killed 7

(Kabanda who was a Gandarwa who got his head and thighs pushed inside his trunk by Vajrayudha in a fight with Indra. Since he had the boon of immortality from Brahma, he was given two very long hands(8 miles long) and mouth in his stomach., He used to draw whatever he could from the forest by using his extra long hands and push it in to his stomach. After the war with Rama, he was defeated and resumed his original form.)

The Rakshasa Viradha who was having extremely great valor was killed in the war in the forest similar Indra killing Sambarasura., again for the sake of this damsel 8

(Viradha was actually a Gandarwa named Dumburu who was cursed by his master Kubera.In the forest in the war with Rama and Lakshmana, he initially caught hold of Sita  and left her to fight with Rama and Lakshmana.He then caught hold of , both of them and kept them on his shoulders. With their swords they cut of his hands. At that time he remembered about his actual, form and by the grace of Rama , got rid of his curse.)

Fourteen thousand Rakshasas who were doing terrible deeds were also killed in Janasthana by using arrows which are like flame of fire for her sake.  9

(Janasthana is a part of Dandakaranya forest on the shores of Godhavari. Here fourteen thousand Rakshasas lead by Khara, Dhooshana and Trisiras attacked Rama and Lakshmana .They were all killed by the two brothers.)

The all knowing Rama killed in war the greatly powerful Khara, Trishiras and similarly Dhooshana. 10

It is for this broad eyed damsel’s sake that the kingdom, which was ruled by Bali, which was considered as great by the world and which was difficult to obtain for monkeys was got by Sugreeva. 11

It is for her sake that that I crossed the ocean which is the lord of streams and rivers and for her sake that I searched this city well.  12

I feel that for her sake if Lord Rama turns upside down the earth surrounded by oceans and even the universe, it would be most apt. 13

Suppose in the three worlds, a choice is given between Sita who is the daughter of Janaka and the kingship of the world, the kingship will not be even equal to a tiny part of Sita.  14

This Sita who is eternally devoted to her husband came out breaking apart the earth coated with field dust similar to the pollen of lotus ,when the great Janaka who was the king of Mithila ploughed the field and became his very famous daughter.  15-16

She is the eldest daughter in law of King Dasaratha who was very good, who never came back defeated in war and who was having great valor.  17

This lady who is the darling wife ,of just and philosophic Rama who does unblemished actions and is like the lord of wealth ,has fallen in to the hands of these Rakshasis. 18

She , without bothering about sorrow and sacrificing all pleasures, accompanied her husband to the solitary forest for the sake of love from him , gave it the utmost importance and lived with happiness by eating fruits and roots of the forest thinking it similar to her life in the palace and was engaged in service to her husband.  19-20

She who is having all the above qualities, who was having a body of the colour of gold, who was always adorned with a smile, who always used to talk of only good things and who never had experienced sorrow in her life , now tolerates extreme sorrow.  21

Even though troubled by Ravana similar to a thirsty man attacking the water house, she has remained virtuous and Sri Rama deserves to see her.  22

If Rama gets her back again he would attain the happiness of a king who lost his kingdom and got it again.

 Even though forsaken by love and passion, even though taken away from her relatives and friends, she is keeping her body pure for the sake of union to him 24

Even now she is not seeing the Rakshasis and does not give any attention to these flower and fruit filled trees but  with absolute concentration is meditating on Rama. 25

Husband is the ornament which is better than all ornaments to a lady and she who deserves such an ornament does not shine without one. 26

The Lord Sri Rama is keeping his body intact in spite of parting with her and does not disintegrate and is doing some action which no one can perform. 27

Seeing her who is having a pitch black hair, who is having eyes of the shape of lotus and who is fit only to enjoy, suffering my mind is in turmoil.  28

She who is having the patience of earth, who has eyes like lotus and who should have been protected by Rama and Lakshmana, is now being guarded by the ugly Rakshasis below a tree.  29

This daughter of Janaka, who is lifeless like the lotus flower touched by snow, who is suffering by sorrow again and again, has attained the tragic state of Chakravaka bird who ha lost the company of its beloved. 30

These Asoka trees bent low because of the large number of flowers produced after the autumn season, and this moon with its thousand rays, produces lot of sorrow to her. 31

(Moon light and flowers make her remember her life of love with Rama and thus causes sorrow to her)

The strong and wise chief of monkey thought about the matter as described above and decided that “She is definitely Sita and stayed hidden in the Simshuba tree. 32

Thus ends the Sixteenth chapter of Sundara Kanda which is in the Ramayana which is the first epic written by Valmiki.

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