ॐ तत्सदिति श्रीमद्भगवद्गीतासूपनिषत्सु ब्रह्मविद्यायां योगशास्त्रेभावार्थ
श्रीकृष्णार्जुनसंवादेऽर्जुनविषादयोगो नाम प्रथमोऽध्यायः। ॥1॥

(मोह से व्याप्त हुए अर्जुन के कायरता, स्नेह और शोकयुक्त वचन )

Chapter 1, Verse 1

धृतराष्ट्र उवाच – धर्मक्षेत्रे कुरुक्षेत्रे समवेता युयुत्सवः । मामकाः पाण्डवाश्चैव किमकुर्वत संजय ॥

Dhritarashtra said: O Sanjay, after gathering on the holy field of Kurukshetra, and desiring to fight, what did my sons and the sons of Pandu do?


Chapter 1, Verse 2

संजय उवाच – दृष्टवा तु पाण्डवानीकं व्यूढं दुर्योधनस्तदा ।आचार्यमुपसंगम्य राजा वचनमब्रवीत्‌ ॥

Sanjay said: On observing the Pandava army standing in military formation, King Duryodhan approached his teacher Dronacharya, and said the following words.


Chapter 1, Verse 3

पश्यैतां पाण्डुपुत्राणामाचार्य महतीं चमूम्‌ ।व्यूढां द्रुपदपुत्रेण तव शिष्येण धीमता ॥

Duryodhan said: Respected teacher! Behold the mighty army of the sons of Pandu, so expertly arrayed for battle by your own gifted disciple, the son of Drupad.


Chapter 1, Verse 4

अत्र शूरा महेष्वासा भीमार्जुनसमा युधि युयुधानो विराटश्च द्रुपदश्च महारथ: || 4||

Behold in their ranks are many powerful warriors, like Yuyudhan, Virat, and Drupad, wielding mighty bows and equal in military prowess to Bheem and Arjun. There are also accomplished heroes like Dhrishtaketu, Chekitan, the gallant King of Kashi, Purujit, Kuntibhoj, and Shaibya—all the best of men. In their ranks, they also have the courageous Yudhamanyu, the gallant Uttamauja, the son of Subhadra, and the sons of Draupadi, who are all great warrior chiefs.


Chapter 1, Verse 5

धृष्टकेतुश्चेकितान: काशिराजश्च वीर्यवान् | पुरुजित्कुन्तिभोजश्च शैयश्च नरपुङ्गव: || 5||

Behold in their ranks are many powerful warriors, like Yuyudhan, Virat, and Drupad, wielding mighty bows and equal in military prowess to Bheem and Arjun. There are also accomplished heroes like Dhrishtaketu, Chekitan, the gallant King of Kashi, Purujit, Kuntibhoj, and Shaibya—all the best of men. In their ranks, they also have the courageous Yudhamanyu, the gallant Uttamauja, the son of Subhadra, and the sons of Draupadi, who are all great warrior chiefs.


युधामन्युश्च विक्रान्त उत्तमौजाश्च वीर्यवान् | सौभद्रो द्रौपदेयाश्च सर्व एव महारथा: || 6||

Behold in their ranks are many powerful warriors, like Yuyudhan, Virat, and Drupad, wielding mighty bows and equal in military prowess to Bheem and Arjun. There are also accomplished heroes like Dhrishtaketu, Chekitan, the gallant King of Kashi, Purujit, Kuntibhoj, and Shaibya—all the best of men. In their ranks, they also have the courageous Yudhamanyu, the gallant Uttamauja, the son of Subhadra, and the sons of Draupadi, who are all great warrior chiefs.


Chapter 1, Verse 7

अस्माकं तु विशिष्टा ये तान्निबोध द्विजोत्तम ।नायका मम सैन्यस्य सञ्ज्ञार्थं तान्ब्रवीमि ते ॥

O best of Brahmins, hear too about the principal generals on our side, who are especially qualified to lead. These I now recount unto you.


Chapter 1, Verse 8

भवान्भीष्मश्च कर्णश्च कृपश्च समितिञ्जयः ।अश्वत्थामा विकर्णश्च सौमदत्तिस्तथैव च ॥

There are personalities like yourself, Bheeshma, Karna, Kripa, Ashwatthama, Vikarn, and Bhurishrava, who are ever victorious in battle.My whole body shudders;


Chapter 1, Verse 9

अन्ये च बहवः शूरा मदर्थे त्यक्तजीविताः ।नानाशस्त्रप्रहरणाः सर्वे युद्धविशारदाः ॥

Also, there are many other heroic warriors, who are prepared to lay down their lives for my sake. They are all skilled in the art of warfare, and equipped with various kinds of weapons.


Chapter 1, Verse 10

अपर्याप्तं तदस्माकं बलं भीष्माभिरक्षितम्‌ ।पर्याप्तं त्विदमेतेषां बलं भीमाभिरक्षितम्‌ ॥

The strength of our army is unlimited and we are safely marshalled by Grandsire Bheeshma, while the strength of the Pandava army, carefully marshalled by Bheem, is limited.


Chapter 1, Verse 11

अयनेषु च सर्वेषु यथाभागमवस्थिताः ।भीष्ममे{C: भावार्थ}
वाभिरक्षन्तु भवन्तः सर्व एव हि ॥

Therefore, I call upon all the generals of the Kaurava army now to give full support to Grandsire Bheeshma, even as you defend your respective strategic points.


Chapter 1, Verse 12

तस्य सञ्जनयन्हर्षं कुरुवृद्धः पितामहः ।सिंहनादं विनद्योच्चैः शंख दध्मो प्रतापवान्‌ ॥

Then, the grand old man of the Kuru dynasty, the glorious patriarch Bheeshma, roared like a lion, and blew his conch shell very loudly, giving joy to Duryodhan.


Chapter 1, Verse 13

ततः शंखाश्च भेर्यश्च पणवानकगोमुखाः ।सहसैवाभ्यहन्यन्त स शब्दस्तुमुलोऽभवत्‌ ॥

Thereafter, conches, kettledrums, bugles, trumpets, and horns suddenly blared forth, and their combined sound was overwhelming.


Chapter 1, Verse 14

ततः श्वेतैर्हयैर्युक्ते महति स्यन्दने स्थितौ ।माधवः पाण्डवश्चैव दिव्यौ शंखौ प्रदध्मतुः ॥

Then, from amidst the Pandava army, seated in a glorious chariot drawn by white horses, Madhav and Arjun blew their Divine conch shells.


Chapter 1, Verse 15

पाञ्चजन्यं हृषीकेशो देवदत्तं धनञ्जयः ।पौण्ड्रं दध्मौ महाशंख भीमकर्मा वृकोदरः ॥

Hrishikesh blew his conch shell, called Panchajanya, and Arjun blew the Devadutta. Bheem, the voracious eater and performer of herculean tasks, blew his mighty conch, called Paundra.


Chapter 1, Verse 16

अनन्तविजयं राजा कुन्तीपुत्रो युधिष्ठिरः ।नकुलः सहदेवश्च सुघोषमणिपुष्पकौ ॥
King Yudhishthir, blew the Anantavijay, while Nakul and Sahadev blew the Sughosh and Manipushpak.

काश्यश्च परमेष्वासः शिखण्डी च महारथः ।धृष्टद्युम्नो विराटश्च सात्यकिश्चापराजितः ॥
The excellent archer and king of Kashi, the great warrior Shikhandi, Dhrishtadyumna, Virat, and the invincible Satyaki, Drupad, the five sons of Draupadi, and the mighty-armed Abhimanyu, son of Subhadra, all blew their respective conch shells, O Ruler of the earth.

द्रुपदो द्रौपदेयाश्च सर्वशः पृथिवीपते ।सौभद्रश्च महाबाहुः शंखान्दध्मुः पृथक्पृथक्‌ ॥

The excellent archer and king of Kashi, the great warrior Shikhandi, Dhrishtadyumna, Virat, and the invincible Satyaki, Drupad, the five sons of Draupadi, and the mighty-armed Abhimanyu, son of Subhadra, all blew their respective conch shells, O Ruler of the earth.
स घोषो धार्तराष्ट्राणां हृदयानि व्यदारयत्‌ ।नभश्च पृथिवीं चैव तुमुलो व्यनुनादयन्‌ ॥

The terrific sound thundered across the sky and the earth, and shattered the hearts of your sons, O Dhritarasthra.


Chapter 1, Verse 20

अथ व्यवस्थितान्दृष्ट्वा धार्तराष्ट्रान्‌ कपिध्वजः ।प्रवृत्ते शस्त्रसम्पाते धनुरुद्यम्य पाण्डवः ॥हृषीकेशं तदा वाक्यमिदमाह महीपते ।

At that time, the son of Pandu, Arjun, who had the insignia of Hanuman on the flag of his chariot, took up his bow. Seeing your sons arrayed against him, O King, Arjun then spoke the following words to Shree Krishna.


Chapter 1, Verse 21

अर्जुन उवाच -सेनयोरुभयोर्मध्ये रथं स्थापय मेऽच्युत ॥

Arjun said: O Infallible One, please take my chariot to the middle of both armies.


Chapter 1, Verse 22

यावदेतान्निरीक्षेऽहं योद्धुकामानवस्थितान्‌ ।कैर्मया सह योद्धव्यमस्मिन् रणसमुद्यमे ॥

So that I may look at the warriors arrayed for battle, whom I must fight in this great combat.


Chapter 1, Verse 23

योत्स्यमानानवेक्षेऽहं य एतेऽत्र समागता: |धार्तराष्ट्रस्य दुर्बुद्धेर्युद्धे प्रियचिकीर्षव: ||

I desire to see those who have come here to fight on the side of the evil-minded son of Dhritarasthra, wishing to please him.


Chapter 1, Verse 24

सञ्जय उवाच -एवमुक्तो हृषीकेशो गुडाकेशेन भारत ।सेनयोरुभयोर्मध्ये स्थापयित्वा रथोत्तमम्‌ ॥

Sanjay said: O Dhritarasthra, having thus been addressed by Arjun, the conqueror of sleep, Shree Krishna then drew the magnificent chariot between the two armies.


Chapter 1, Verse 25

भीष्मद्रोणप्रमुखतः सर्वेषां च महीक्षिताम्‌ ।उवाच पार्थ पश्यैतान्‌ समवेतान्‌ कुरूनिति ॥

 In the presence of Bheeshma, Dronacharya, and all the other kings, Shree Krishna said: O Parth, behold these Kurus gathered here.


Chapter 1, Verse 26

तत्रापश्यत्स्थितान्‌ पार्थः पितृनथ पितामहान्‌ ।आचार्यान्मातुलान्भ्रातृन्पुत्रान्पौत्रान्सखींस्तथा ।श्वशुरान्‌ सुहृदश्चैव सेनयोरुभयोरपि॥

There, Arjun could see stationed in both armies, his fathers, grandfathers, teachers, maternal uncles, brothers, cousins, sons, nephews, grand-nephews, friends, fathers-in-law, and well-wishers.


Chapter 1, Verse 27

तान्समीक्ष्य स कौन्तेयः सर्वान्‌ बन्धूनवस्थितान्‌ ॥कृपया परयाविष्टो विषीदत्रिदमब्रवीत्‌ ।

Seeing all his relatives present there, Arjun, the son of Kunti, was overwhelmed with compassion, and with deep sorrow, spoke the following words.


Chapter 1, Verse 28

अर्जुन उवाच-दृष्टेवमं स्वजनं कृष्ण युयुत्सुं समुपस्थितम्‌ ॥सीदन्ति मम गात्राणि मुखं च परिशुष्यति ।

Arjun said: O Krishna, seeing my own kinsmen arrayed for battle here and intent on killing each other, my limbs are giving way and my mouth is drying up.


Chapter 1, Verse 29

वेपथुश्च शरीरे मे रोमहर्षश्च जायते |

My whole body shudders;


Chapter 1, Verse 30

गाण्डीवं स्रंसते हस्तात्वक्चैव परिदह्यते ।न च शक्नोम्यवस्थातुं भ्रमतीव च मे मनः ॥

my hair is standing on end. My bow, the Gāṇḍīv, is slipping from my hand, and my skin is burning all over. My mind is in quandary and whirling in confusion; I am unable to hold myself steady any longer.


Chapter 1, Verse 31

निमित्तानि च पश्यामि विपरीतानि केशव ।न च श्रेयोऽनुपश्यामि हत्वा स्वजनमाहवे ॥

O Krishna, killer of the Keshi demon, I only see omens of misfortune. I do not foresee how any good can come from killing my own kinsmen in this battle.


Chapter 1, Verse 32

न काङ्‍क्षे विजयं कृष्ण न च राज्यं सुखानि च ।किं नो राज्येन गोविंद किं भोगैर्जीवितेन वा ॥

 O Krishna, I do not desire the victory, kingdom, or the happiness accruing it. Of what avail will be a kingdom, pleasures, or even life itself


Chapter 1, Verse 33

येषामर्थे काङक्षितं नो राज्यं भोगाः सुखानि च ।त इमेऽवस्थिता युद्धे प्राणांस्त्यक्त्वा धनानि च ॥

when the very persons for whom we covet them, are standing before us for battle?


Chapter 1, Verse 34

आचार्याः पितरः पुत्रास्तथैव च पितामहाः ।मातुलाः श्वशुराः पौत्राः श्यालाः संबंधिनस्तथा ॥

Teachers, fathers, sons, grandfathers, maternal uncles, grandsons, fathers-in-law, grand-nephews, brothers-in-law, and other kinsmen are present here, staking their lives and riches.


Chapter 1, Verse 35

एतान्न हन्तुमिच्छामि घ्नतोऽपि मधुसूदन ।अपि त्रैलोक्यराज्यस्य हेतोः किं नु महीकृते ॥

O Madhusudan, I do not wish to slay them, even if they attack me. If we kill the sons of Dhritarashtra, what satisfaction will we derive from the dominion over the three worlds, what to speak of this Earth?


Chapter 1, Verse 36

निहत्य धार्तराष्ट्रान्न का प्रीतिः स्याज्जनार्दन ।पापमेवाश्रयेदस्मान्‌ हत्वैतानाततायिनः ॥

O Maintainer of all living entities, what pleasure will we derive from killing the sons of Dhritarasthra? Even though they may be aggressors, sin will certainly come upon us if we slay them.


Chapter 1, Verse 37

तस्मान्नार्हा वयं हन्तुं धार्तराष्ट्रान्स्वबान्धवान्‌ ।स्वजनं हि कथं हत्वा सुखिनः स्याम माधव ॥

Hence, it does not behoove us to kill our own cousins, the sons of Dhritarashtra, and friends. O Madhav (Krishna), how can we hope to be happy by killing our own kinsmen?


Chapter 1, Verse 38

यद्यप्येते न पश्यन्ति लोभोपहतचेतसः ।कुलक्षयकृतं दोषं मित्रद्रोहे च पातकम्‌ ॥

Their thoughts are overpowered by greed and they see no wrong in annihilating their relatives or wreaking treachery upon friends.


कथं न ज्ञेयमस्माभिः पापादस्मा न्निवर्तितुम्‌ ।कुलक्षयकृतं दोषं प्रपश्यद्भिर्जनार्दन ॥

Yet, O Janardan (Krishna), why should we, who can clearly see the crime in killing our kindred, not turn away from this sin?


Chapter 1, Verse 40

कुलक्षये प्रणश्यन्ति कुलधर्माः सनातनाः ।धर्मे नष्टे कुलं कृत्स्नमधर्मोऽभिभवत्युत ॥

 When a dynasty is destroyed, its traditions get vanquished, and the rest of the family becomes involved in irreligion.


अधर्माभिभवात्कृष्ण प्रदुष्यन्ति कुलस्त्रियः ।स्त्रीषु दुष्टासु वार्ष्णेय जायते वर्णसंकरः ॥

With the preponderance of vice, O Krishna, the women of the family become immoral; and from the immorality of women, O descendent of Vrishni, unwanted progeny are born.


Chapter 1, Verse 42

संकरो नरकायैव कुलघ्नानां कुलस्य च ।पतन्ति पितरो ह्येषां लुप्तपिण्डोदकक्रियाः ॥

An increase in unwanted children results in hellish life both for the family and for those who destroy the family. Deprived of the sacrificial offerings, the ancestors of such corrupt families also fall.


Chapter 1, Verse 43

दोषैरेतैः कुलघ्नानां वर्णसंकरकारकैः ।उत्साद्यन्ते जातिधर्माः कुलधर्माश्च शाश्वताः ॥

Through the evil deeds of those who destroy the family tradition and thus give rise to unwanted progeny, a variety of social and family welfare activities are ruined.


Chapter 1, Verse 44

उत्सन्नकुलधर्माणां मनुष्याणां जनार्दन ।नरकेऽनियतं वासो भवतीत्यनुशुश्रुम ॥

 O Janardan (Krishna), I have heard from the learned that those who destroy family traditions dwell in hell for an indefinite period of time.


Chapter 1, Verse 45

अहो बत महत्पापं कर्तुं व्यवसिता वयम्‌ ।यद्राज्यसुखलोभेन हन्तुं स्वजनमुद्यताः ॥

Alas! How strange it is that we have set our mind to perform this great sin. Driven by the desire for kingly pleasures, we are intent on killing our own kinsmen


Chapter 1, Verse 46

यदि मामप्रतीकारमशस्त्रं शस्त्रपाणयः ।धार्तराष्ट्रा रणे हन्युस्तन्मे क्षेमतरं भवेत्‌ ॥

It will be better if, with weapons in hand, the sons of Dhritarashtra kill me unarmed and unresisting on the battlefield.


Chapter 1, Verse 47

संजय उवाच- एवमुक्त्वार्जुनः सङ्‍ख्ये रथोपस्थ उपाविशत्‌ ।विसृज्य सशरं चापं शोकसंविग्नमानसः ॥
Sanjay said: Speaking thus, Arjun cast aside his bow and arrows, and sank into the seat of his chariot, his mind in distress and overwhelmed with grief.

 

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